Comparing Beliefs in God - Conceptions of
God in Christianity
Is the true God absolutely One or a Trinity
- the Triune God?
Throughout the history of the
world just about everyone has believed in some sort of
god. Historically humans have always had a belief in a
greater Being as part of their culture. There is a sense
in which humanity has simply accepted that there is a
God or gods.
But, who is God? The fact that most people believe
in some god raises an obvious question: Who is the God
we should listen to and worship? Though all professing
Christians claim to believe in one God,
they have different conception of God. So, how can
anyone be certain that he or she is worshiping the true God?
Conceptions of God in
is a deity in theistic religion, representing the
sole deity in monotheism. God
is defined as a supernatural being conceived as the perfect and
omnipotent and omniscient originator and ruler of the
universe; the object of worship in monotheistic
is the doctrine or belief that only one god
exists. The concept
of "monotheism" tends to be dominated by the concepts of God
in the Abrahamic religions, such as Judaism, Christianity
Monotheism in Abrahamic religions
- All three religions
claim to be monotheistic, worshiping an
exclusive God, though known by different
For all three, God creates, is one,
rules, reveals, loves, judges, and
God in Abrahamic religions:
- Judaism is
based on a strict monotheism. This doctrine
expresses the belief in one indivisible God.
asserts the existence of a single and absolute truth that
transcends the world; a unique and indivisible being who is
independent of the creation.
believe in one god. Ostensibly monotheistic religions
like Christianity may still include concepts of a
plurality of the divine, for example the Trinity, in
which God is one being in three personal dimensions.
Trinitarian doctrine conflicts with
Jewish and Muslim concepts of
monotheism. They reject the incarnation
of God in Christ—one of the distinctive
features of the Christian religion.
Although Christianity does not believe
in three gods, rather three
personalities in one "Almighty God,"
the concept of Trinity remains a problem
for the other major Abrahamic religions.
theological differences in Judaism, Islam and Christianity,
the object of their worship are entirely different. Thus, in
reality the God that is worshiped by the Jews, the Muslims
and the Christians are possibly different.
adherents of Judaism, Islam and Christianity all believe and
worship the same God? Some say that they are while others
say that they are not - and there are good arguments on both
God in Christianity
Monotheism in Christianity
basically refer to three contrasting theologies, all
professing belief in One God
(monotheism), but have different conception of God.
adheres to strict monotheism and that is the belief in
the single personality of God.
- Binitarianism, the
belief that God is an absolutely single being; and yet
there is a "twoness" in God.
Trinitarianism, the belief that "the one God
exists in three Persons and one substance, Father, Son,
and Holy Spirit."
The Trinity Doctrine
Christian doctrine of the Trinity teaches the
unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons
in one Godhead.
The doctrine states that God is the Triune God,
existing as three persons, or in the Greek
but one being. Each person is understood as having the one
identical essence or nature, not merely similar
natures. Since the beginning of the third century
the doctrine of the Trinity has been stated as "the one
God exists in three Persons and one substance, Father,
Son, and Holy Spirit.
According to the Trinity doctrine, God
exists as three persons, or
hypostases, but is one being, that
is, has but a single divine nature.
The members of the Trinity are said
to be co-equal and co-eternal, one in
essence, nature, power, action, and
will. As stated in the Athanasian
Creed, the Father is uncreated, the Son
is uncreated, and the Holy Spirit is
uncreated, and all three are eternal
with no beginning.
The Trinity in the
Old Testament and
New Testament of the Bible
Testament does not have a formal doctrine of the Trinity and
nowhere discusses the Trinity as such. The New Testament
does not use the word "Trinity" nor explicitly teach it, but
Trinitarians claim that it provides the material upon which
the doctrine of the Trinity is based. According to
Christian tradition the Trinity was
introduced by the Gospels and Jesus
Christ "Therefore go and make disciples
of all nations, baptizing them
name of the Father and of the Son and of
the Holy Spirit, and teaching them
to obey everything I have commanded
some scholars dispute the authenticity
of the Trinity and argue that the
doctrine is the result of "later
theological interpretations of Christ's
nature and function."
doctrine is a mystery
After studying the
Trinity Doctrine, many people have found out that it is indeed
difficult to comprehend. In fact many found it impossible to
understand. They indeed conclude that the Trinity doctrine is a mystery. Trinitarians and other
authors commented that the doctrine of the Trinity is .
. . . . .
- The Trinity is a
wonderful mystery. No one understands it. The most
learned theologian, the holiest Pope, the greatest
saint, all are mystified by it as a child of seven.
- It is a deep
mystery that cannot be fathomed by the finite mind
- It is admittedly
difficult to comprehend.
- Skeptics ridicule
it as a mathematical impossibility.
- The mind of man
cannot fully understand the mystery of the Trinity.
He who would try to understand the mystery fully
will lose his mind.
Do Christians believe in the
many professing Christians would like to believe that their
religions believe and worship the same God. But, on a
practical and theological level they simply cannot - there's
just no choice in the matter. They may all want to believe
in the one God (monotheism), but the content of their
beliefs varies wildly—they have different conception of God.
Thus, in reality, Christian religions do not believe and
worship the same God. On a
practical point of view, try asking professing Christians
"how they perceive God?". Many would give you practical
answer that varies differently.
learned that monotheism―belief in one God, in the the Abrahamic
religions, Judaism, Islam and Christianity, does not necessarily
mean belief in the same God. This is also true in
Christianity who all profess to be monotheists but they do not
also necessarily believe in the same God because the
vast majority of Christians are Trinitarian monotheist, but a small
percentage of Christians are Unitarian monotheist. Let
us therefore concentrate our search for the true God by
knowing the biblical answer to this basic question, "Is
the true God absolutely One or a
Trinity"? This question will be answered in the succeeding
Keep an open
Try it . . . . . . Take
a closer look at the
scriptures will be
made clear and
meaningful to you as
you continue to study the
Lessons' List -
"Comparing Beliefs in God"
"We present the
verses - not
opinions. You decide
which is the